Okra Propagation


James Mwangi Ndiritu

Environmental Governance and Management, Agribusiness consultant

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Propagation refers to the process of reproducing plants from seeds, cuttings, or other plant parts. In the case of okra, propagation can be done through seeds or cuttings. Here are some methods for propagating okra:

1. Seed propagation

The seed should be planted directly in the ground when the weather is warm and soil has adequate moisture to support germination. Okra seeds can be sown directly in the garden bed after the last frost or started indoors in pots 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Sow the seeds 1 inch deep and 6-8  inches apart (15-20cm). Once the seedlings have grown a few inches tall and have several leaves, they can be thinned to 10-20 inch (30-50cm) apart.

2. Stem-cutting propagation

Take 6 to 8 inch (15-20cm) long cuttings from the tips of okra branches. Remove the lower leaves, leaving only a few at the top. Dip the cuttings in rooting hormone, and plant them in pots filled with moist potting soil. Place the pots in a warm, bright location, and keep the soil moist. In about 2-4 weeks, the cuttings should develop roots and can be transplanted into the garden.

3. Division

Okra can also be propagated by dividing mature plants. Dig up a mature okra plant and separate the roots into two or more sections. Replant each section in a prepared bed or pot.

It’s important to note that okra prefers warm soil and full sun and requires regular watering to moisten the soil.

Regardless of the method used, successful plant propagation requires attention to detail, appropriate growing conditions, and proper care and maintenance of the new plants


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