Principals for selecting best variety for White mustard.

mustard varieties

Muhammad Ahmad

Student at University of Agriculture, Faisalabad

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 Yellow mustard or White mustard is a versatile and nutritious crop that may be cultivated in a wide range of climates around the world. It has numerous applications, ranging from condiments and sauces to oil and biodiesel. However, not all yellow mustard cultivars are suitable for all applications. To select the best variety of mustard for cultivation, you need to consider the following factors:

Purpose of the crop

The first aspect to examine is the crop’s end usage. Varied yellow mustard types have varied properties, such as:

  • Seed size
  • Oil content
  • Glucosinolate level
  • Taste and flavor
  • Color

Different varieties are better suited for different purposes. For example, varieties for oilseed production are typically higher in oil content but may have lower seed yields. For example, if the crop is growing to make oil, it would be best if it had a high oil content and a low glucosinolate level. This would improve the oil’s output and quality. On the other hand, if the crop is growing to make mustard, it should have a high amount of glucosinolates and a strong flavour. This makes the mustard taste and smell better.

Maturity and Harvest Time:

While choosing a type of mustard to grow, it’s important to take into account the unique soil, temperature, and water needs of each variety. Be sure to consider the climate and soil conditions in your local area to select a type that will flourish in your particular environment.

Agronomic Performance

The agronomic performance of the variety. This includes aspects such as :

  • Yield potential
  • Adaptation to Local Conditions
  • Tolerance to abiotic stress
  • Disease Resistance
  • Pest tolerance
  • Drought tolerance
  • Oil Content

The availability and cost of the variety

White mustard variety availability and price can be influenced by market quantity, seed approval, and registration status. Farmers may choose based on personal preferences and financial constraints. Other factors like personal experience, area knowledge, and expert suggestions can also influence the choice.


Sinapis alba, commonly known as white mustard, has several varieties that are cultivated for various purposes, including culinary use, cover cropping, and soil improvement. Here are a few popular varieties:

IdaGold: This variety is known for its fast growth and high biomass production. It’s often used as a cover crop for soil improvement and weed suppression. IdaGold can also be used in crop rotation to break disease cycles.

Alba: This is the traditional white mustard variety known for its culinary use. It produces mild-flavored leaves that are commonly used in salads and sandwiches. The seeds are also used to make mustard condiments.

Amiga: Amiga is a white mustard variety that is popular for its rapid growth and establishment. It’s often used as a cover crop in orchards and vineyards to provide weed control and improve soil health.

Kodiak: Kodiak is a white mustard variety that is bred for its high glucosinolate content. Glucosinolates are compounds that contribute to the biofumigation effects of white mustard, making Kodiak a popular choice for soil improvement.

Florida Broadleaf: This variety is known for its large leaves. It’s often grown for its edible leaves, which have a mild mustard flavor. Florida Broadleaf is suitable for salads, stir-fries, and garnishes.


Here are some specific tips for selecting the best mustard variety for your needs:

If you are growing mustard for its leaves, choose a variety with a mild flavor. Some popular mild-flavored varieties include ‘Osaka’, or “Florida Broadleaf” and ‘Mizuna’.
If you are growing mustard in a cold climate, choose a cold-tolerant variety. Some popular cold-tolerant varieties include ‘Siberian’ and ‘Winterizer’.
If you are growing mustard in a hot climate, choose a heat-tolerant variety. Some popular heat-tolerant varieties include ‘Florida Broadleaf’ and ‘Ethiopian Mustard’.

Further reading

Mustard History, Plant Information, and Nutritional Value

Mustard Soil preparation, Soil requirements, and Seeding requirements.

Principals for selecting best variety for White mustard.

Fertilizer requirements of white mustard

Irrigation requirements and methods for white mustard

Yield, Harvest, and Storage of Mustard

Pests, Diseases and Weed Management of Mustard



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