Orange Fruit Facts


The average orange weighs 5 oz. (140 g). Like all citrus fruits, oranges are protected externally by a thick crust, which makes them quite resistant to transport. The concentration of water in the fruit, in most commercial varieties, varies from 70% to 92%, which of course depends on the available moisture and conditions of the trees. Orange and lemon trees are perfect examples of cases in which a plant leaf draws water from the fruit, when the needs of the foliage in water cannot be met through the root system. During the summer months and under average conditions of Southern California, the leaves of lemon start to draw water from the fruits around 6-7 am in the morning and continue to do so until 5-6 pm in the afternoon.

The main acid of citrus fruits is citric acid, which is found mainly in the fruit juice, while malate, malonate and oxalate are found mostly in the cortex. The juice of oranges usually contains 1-1.3% citric acid, however this amount can vary from 0.5 to 1.3%. The acid with the second largest concentration in citrus juice is malic acid. In oranges, the concentration ranges from 1,4 to 1,8 mg/ml of juice.

A whole orange contains on average only 85 calories and has no fat, cholesterol or sodium. On the other hand, orange is an excellent source of vitamin C, vitamin A, flavonoid antioxidants, B-complex vitamins and minerals like potassium and calcium.

You can enrich this article by leaving a comment or photo of your oranges.

1.) Orange Tree Information

2.) Orange Health Benefits

3.) Orange Fruit Facts

4.) How to grow Orange Trees from seed

5.) How to grow an Orange Tree from cuttings

6.) Growing Orange Trees for Profit

7.) Orange Tree Climate & Soil Requirements

8.) Choosing Orange Tree variety

9.) Orange Tree Propagation & Pollination

10.) Planting Orange Trees

11.) Orange Tree Fertilizer Requirements

12.) Orange Tree Water Requirements

13.) Pruning Orange Trees

14.) Orange Tree Harvest & Yields

15.) Orange Tree Diseases and Pests

16.) Q&As Orange Tree

Do you have experience in Orange Tree cultivation? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below. All the content you add will be soon reviewed by our agronomists. Once approved, it will be added to and it will influence positively thousands of new and experienced farmers across the world.

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