Housing Pigs – Designing the Pig Farm
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How to house Pigs
We always start by building our pig establishment well before we welcome our piglets. Delaying in creating a shelter for our animals is another common mistake of inexperienced farmers: They first bring the piglets to their backyard, and they later examine ways to make adjustments to their place. In most cases, they end up searching their pigs to the neighbor’s property. Pigs are natural excavators, and they enjoy destroying regular fences. Maybe the most critical element of the pig farm is the fence. An ordinary fence does not have the power to keep the pigs in, so sooner or later, they will escape. Car accidents created by pigs that had recently escaped are very common in some places. Thus, you should use special, reinforced fencing for pigs. There are also electrical fences designed for pigs. If your establishment faces predator dangers (coyotes, wolfs, etc.), you should take extra precautions (guarding dogs, etc.).
To raise pigs, we need to have a shelter area, a grassy area, and a mud pit. The shelter area must be at least 25 square ft. (2.3 square meters) per pig. We built a three-sided shed, which is consisted of scrap lumber and tin roofing. You can also buy portable pig arks, which are suitable for 4-5 pigs maximum. Pigs must have access to fresh water 24 hours a day. Thus, we must put immovable automatic waterers in their pigpens. Keep in mind that bedding (wheat, barley, or other straw) is necessary inside the pig shelter. Apart from its anti-slippery and antimicrobial actions, bedding will make it easier for you to clean the shelter from pigs waste.
The mud pit is vital, especially during the summer heat. Pigs often suffer from heart attacks related to high temperatures. Through a mud bath, they adjust their temperature, while mud is also beneficial for their skin at some extent. However, pigs’ manure left in the tip for over a day can be a source of dangerous bacteria.