How to start an Orange Orchard – Growing Orange Trees Commercially
The success of a commercial citrus farm depends on the climate conditions of the region, the selection of the appropriate location, the soil, the selection of appropriate subjects and varieties and the cultivation methods (irrigation, pruning, fertilization). In general, grafted orange trees start to produce orange fruits at their 3rd or 4th year of age and –if they stay healthy – they will continue to do so for half a century. However, their most productive period is between 10 and 40 years old. The average healthy and mature orange tree produces 200-350 oranges. However, experienced orange farmers after years of practice can harvest between 400 to 600 oranges per tree. It has been reported that some exceptional large orange trees in Israel and the Mediterranean region may bear 1000 to 1500 fruits per year, after optimizing fertilization and irrigation methods throughout the years. The average orange weighs 5 oz. (140 g). As it happens in many trees, orange tree has a small tendency towards alternate bearing. Alternate bearing is the tendency of some fruit trees to produce a greater than average yield in year 1 and a lower than average yield in year 2. However, if orange trees receive proper care (irrigation, fertilization, light pruning etc.) the production will be normalized throughout the years of their prime. Contrary to vegetable (tomato, pepper etc.) growers, orange growers benefit from orange’s resistance to transport (due to its thick crust) and its ability to be stored for a long time under certain conditions. The latter can give orange growers more time to negotiate better prices for their products and to benefit from orange prices fluctuation throughout the year.
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5.) Growing Orange Trees for Profit
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