aflatoxins in maize

Aflatoxin Contamination in Corn

Aflatoxin Contamination in Maize Introduction Aflatoxins are mycotoxins produced by two species of Aspergillus: A. flavus and A. parasiticus. These fungi are found especially in areas with hot and humid […]


Aflatoxin Contamination of Pistachio nuts

Aflatoxin Contamination of Pistachio nuts: pathways, control measures and the effect on the nutritional quality Pistachio nuts, characterized by a pale greenish kernel with a taste reminiscent of almonds, possess […]

contaminant detecction

Contaminant Detection: Tools for Ensuring Food Safety

Ensuring the safety of food and agricultural products is essential to protect human health and maintain the economic viability of the agriculture industry and the stability of global food supply […]

Bacillus cereus

Bacillus cereus Infection: Causes, Symptoms and Control

Bacillus cereus is a facultative anaerobic type of bacteria that can produce harmful toxins (endospores). This bacterium is resistant to high temperatures and can lead to food poisoning. Most individuals […]


What are the PFAS: Sources and How Consumers Can Avoid Them

What are the PFAS? PFAS stands for per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances. They are a group of more than 12,000 compounds (types) of human-made chemicals (USGS, 2023). They are widely used […]

food allergens

Allergens in food

What are the major allergens in food? Allergens in food are substances that can trigger an allergic reaction in individuals. Food allergies are abnormal responses to food. The immune system […]

biological hazards in food

Biological Hazards in Food

Which are the biological hazards in food? Biological hazards occur when hazardous or pathogenic microorganisms and their metabolic products, toxins are introduced to food and thus pose a food safety […]

Physical food hazards

Physical Hazards in Food

What are the types of Physical Hazards in Food? Physical hazards in food can be categorized as either foreign materials that are accidentally introduced during production (such as metal fragments […]

chemical food hazards

Chemical hazards in food

From Farm-to-Table: Understanding and Tackling Chemical Contaminants in Foods What are Chemical Contaminants? Chemical contaminants are chemical substances present in food unintentionally, and they can enter into food or food […]

food safety hazards

Food Safety Hazards

What is a food safety hazard? A food safety hazard is an agent that can potentially harm consumers’ health. These hazards arise when food comes into contact with dangerous agents, […]