15 Interesting Facts About Mushrooms

  • Mushrooms are not vegetables.
  • Mushrooms are fruiting bodies of several fungi species.
  • Almost 12,000 species of fungi can be characterized as mushrooms on the planet.
  • 200 species of them are edible (for human consumption)
  • Some mushrooms contain toxic substances that can turn lethal. 
  • Mushrooms can be used as food (rich in protein), for medicine, textile production, packaging-building materials, biofuels, and for purifying wastewater. 
  • Nowadays, mushrooms are cultivated almost everywhere in the world.
  • They do not need light to grow.
  • Some species can double in size within 24 hours.
  • Roman emperors had food tasters to ensure whether a mushroom was safe or not.
  • China is the leading mushroom-producing country.
  • The most widely consumed and cultivated mushrooms belong to the Agaricus bisporus species.
  • Pleurotus or Oyster mushrooms are the second most popular and, together with straw mushrooms, are the easiest to be cultivated. 
  • Truffles are among the most expensive delicacies in the world.
  • Mushroom production skyrocketed after 1997. The mushroom market size continues to grow with an accelerated rhythm, reaching 50.3 billion dollars (51 billion euros) in 2021. 

Further reading

Mushrooms: Information, Nutritional value and Health Benefits


Royse, D. J., Baars, J., & Tan, Q. (2017). Current overview of mushroom production in the world. Edible and medicinal mushrooms: technology and applications, 5-13.


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