Designing the Pig Farm
We always start by building our pig establishment well before we welcome our piglets. This is another common mistake of inexperienced farmers: They first bring the piglets to their backyard and they next examine ways to make adjustments to their place. In most cases, they end up searching their pigs to the neighbor’s property. Pigs are natural excavators and they enjoy destroying normal fences. Maybe the most important element of the pig farm is the fence. A normal fence does not have the power to keep the pigs in, so sooner or later they will escape. Car accidents created by pigs that had recently escaped are very common in some places. Thus, you should use special reinforced fencing for pigs. There are also electrical fences designed for pigs. If your establishment faces predator dangers (coyotes, wolfs etc.) you should take extra precautions (guarding dogs etc.).
In order to raise pigs, we need to have a shelter area, a grassy area and a mud tip. The shelter area must be at least 25 square ft. (2,3 sq. meters) per pig. We build a three-sided shed, which is consisted of scrap lumber and tin roofing. You can also buy portable pig arks, which are suitable for 4-5 pigs maximum. Pigs must have access to fresh water 24 hours a day. Thus, we must put immovable automatic waterers in their pigpens. Keep in mind that bedding (wheat, barley or other type of straw) is necessary inside the pig shelter. Apart from its anti-slippery and antimicrobial actions, bedding will make it easier for you to clean the shelter from pigs waste.
The mud tip is extremely important, especially during the heat. Pigs often suffer from heart attacks related to high temperature. Through a mud bath, they adjust their temperature, while mud is also beneficial for their skin at some extent. However, pigs manure left in the tip for over a day can be a source of dangerous bacteria.
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2. Housing Pigs - Building the Pig Farm
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