Understanding Bee Society Structure
The bee society is consisted of the queen (which is the only sexually developed female), the worker bees and the drones. The primary purpose of queen is to reproduce. The second is to organize and motivate (through pheromones) workers to complete the workload of the hive. The primary purpose of drones is to fertilize virgin queens. Workers (sexually underdeveloped females) are responsible for nearly all the required heavy work of the hive (guarding the hive, comb building, caring for the queen, cleaning, polishing, feeding the brood, storing, collecting nectar, pollen, water etc.). The queen is larger in size than the drone and almost double the size of workers. A beekeeper can easily spot the queen: Apart from its different size and shape, the other bees often surround the queen and feed it in the mouth with royal jelly during breeding (mainly in the spring). During the rest of the year, they offer pollen and honey mixture to the queen. The average queen lives 3-5 years, but can lay eggs at good rate (200.000 eggs per year) during the first 2-3 years of its life. It is very important to have a young and thriving queen in our hive (preferably up to 2 years old). A queen can lay fertile or unfertile eggs. Unfertile eggs become drones, while fertile eggs become workers or queens.
2. Understanding Bee Society
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