Melon

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How to grow Melon plants

Melon (Cucumis melo)

The melon is a climbing or creeping plant with large leaves and yellow flowers. Melon belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae (squash and watermelon). It is a sweet summer fruit and is very good source of carbohydrates, vitamins and nutrients. Keep in mind that it can grow in warm climates and places with full sun.

Professional Cultivation of Melon

As it happens with squash, watermelon, tomato, pepper and many other vegetables, professional cultivation of melon requires we first select the variety that matches our market and field characteristics, then sow the seeds in pots, then select carefully the most vigorous plants and finally transplant them in the field.

In 1 oz. of melon seeds, there are 700-750 melon seeds (in every grammar of melon seeds, there are about 25-30 melon seeds). We need about 12-14 oz. (350-400 grammar) of seeds per hectare. On average, we will finally place 5000-7000 melon plants per hectare.

Melon can only grow during the hot months of the summer.

On early spring (20 February – 10 March), we carefully put 1 melon seeds per pot in depth of 0,2 inches (0.5 cm) and we cover lightly with soil.  We place the pots in a protective shelter. We water the pots every other day for 20-30 days. When the plants have become 5-7 inches (12-15 cm) in height, we collect the most vigorous plants and we transplant them. We leave a distance of 40 inches (100 cm) between rows and 10-15 inches (30-40 cm) between plants. We normally irrigate every 3-4 days. The soil should be well drained. We can fertilize the plants (N:11-P:15-K:15) every 3-4 weeks during the growing season for best results especially in the size of melons .

We regularly check for any pests and diseases. Most melon varieties can be harvested 80-120 days after transplanting, giving an average yield of 30-50 tons per hectare.

 

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