Growing Maize (Corn)
Maize (Zea mays)
Maize is a tall annual cereal plant that can reach 7-10 feet (2-3 meters) in height. It has a stem that resembles the one of bamboo. It is the second most popular cultivation in the planet, as only the wheat exceeds maize in total acreage planted. This happens because we can use different parts of maize plant for many different reasons (human food, livestock feed, ornamental use, biofuel, herbal supplement etc.).
Professional cultivation of Maize
We should have in mind that all varieties of maize plants love the sun and it is better to place them in field full of sun. The suitable pH is about 6 to 6.7.
Corn prefers deep, well-drained soils. The sowing begins from April for the southern and central regions until May for northern regions. We must irrigate frequently, as maize plants greatly appreciate water and generally give us greater yield.
We need 22-26 lbs. (10-12 kg) of seed per hectare in depth sowing 0,8 – 1,5 inches (2-4 cm). We leave a distance of 35-43 inches (90-110 cm) between rows and 7-8 inches (18 to 20 cm.) between plants. The seeding temperature is 64-77°F (18- 25 °C). Maize plants give an average yield 12-16 tons per hectare.
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