How to grow Endive (Escarole)
Endive (Cichorium endivia)
Endive (also known as escarole) belongs to the chicory family. It is a leaf vegetable with high nutrient value. Endive is rich in fibers and promotes digestive health. It is also an excellent source of minerals (like potassium, copper and iron).
Professional cultivation of Endive
Endive is natively biennial, but is cultivated as annual. Although the minimum soil temperature for germination is 59 °F (15 °C), endive seeds germinate best at 68-71 °F (20-22 ° C). It prefers light soils, rich and well drained. The sowing begins in spring. We prepare the ground by digging the surface, and then we add 63-70 oz. (1800-2000 grams) of seed per hectare in seed depth 0,4 – 0,6 inches (1- 1.5 cm).
We plant the seeds directly in the field, keeping the soil moist until they come up.
We plant in wide rows and thin later to six to seven inches between plants. We can start endive in flats indoors and transplant it later.
We leave a distance of 15 inches (40 cm.) between rows and 10 inches (30 cm.) between plants.
The irrigation must be frequent and abundant. We can harvest 2-3 months after sowing and the average yield is 25 – 30 tons per hectare.
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