How to cultivate Carrot
Carrot (Daucus carota)
Carrot is a biennial root vegetable. Apart from tasty and crispy, carrot contains some very health promoting compounds such as beta – carotenes, vitamin A, minerals, antioxidants and falcarinol (which has been found to fight pre-cancerous cells).
Professional Cultivation of Carrot.
Although carrot is a biennial vegetable and the flowers appear during the second year of life, we generally harvest the plant prematurely and we don’t wait for the bloom. We generally harvest 4 months after sowing directly into the field.
We can sow carrot seeds directly in the field almost throughout the year, but the temperature has to be between 46-77 oF (8-25 oC). Carrot prefers sun, but it can also grow in part shady fields. For every hectare, we need about 7-8 lbs. (3-3,5 kg) of carrot seeds. In one oz. grammar of carrot seeds, there are about 20.000 carrot seeds (700 carrot seeds in 1 gram). In one hectare, we grow on average 1.000.000 – 1.500.000 carrot plants (after the necessary thinning). We generally leave a distance of 15 inches (40cm) between rows and 2 inches (5 cm) between plants. The soil has to be wet all the times, so we irrigate accordingly. Moreover, since the carrot plant faces severe competition from certain weeds, we must take anti-weeds measures throughout the 120 days period.
Harvest takes place 110 to 130 days after the sowing and the average yield is between 75 to 80 tons per hectare.
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