How to grow Pear Trees for profit
Growing pear trees commercially can be a good source for income, provided is done rationally and at a medium to large scale. As is the case for the majority of fruit trees, you need to achieve economies of scale. This means that you cannot make money by growing 50 or 100 trees, because fixed costs will surely exceed earnings. A minimum base to start is a small orchard of 1 hectare (10.000 m2) with 600-800 trees or more. The average pear tree is able to produce notable quantity of fruits from the 3rd to 6th year of its age and can continue to do so until the 35th-50th year of its age. The things you have to consider are the following: You have to carefully select the location according to your tree’s variety climate, soil requirements and of course according to your market. Then, you have to decide on choosing standard, semi dwarf or dwarf trees. The majority of commercial growers choose semi dwarf varieties. Planting distances, pollination, fertilization, irrigation, pruning and thinning are extremely important for achieving good yields in the long term. Finally, you have to be able to hire a small group of experienced workers in order to harvest your fruits at the right time of harvesting. This can also be an issue, because the pear tree gives us a small time window to harvest the fruits. If you are unable to harvest your pears during this time, fruit’s quality severely deteriorates (some parts of the fruit turn gritty).
Pear tree growers must also have a good understanding of Alternate Bearing, because it may affect their production. Alternate bearing is the tendency of some fruit trees to yield much more than average production in one year and much less than average (if not zero) production in the following year. Some varieties have an inherent tendency towards biennial bearing, which can be exacerbated most often by lack of thinning, by Nitrogen deficiency, water stress or other reasons.
You can enrich this article by leaving a comment or photo of your pear orchard management and profitability.
Starting a Pear Farm
Do you have experience in cultivating pear trees? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below.
All the content you add will be soon reviewed by our agronomists. Once approved, it will be added to Wikifarmer.com and it will influence positively thousands of new and experienced farmers across the world.