Pear Tree Irrigation
The average young pear tree needs a lot of water in order to develop strong roots, leaves and finally fruits. As a rule of thumb, young pear trees need more water than mature trees, which can rely mostly on rainwater in regions with frequent rainfalls. As a second rule of thumb, in regions where there are no frequent rainfalls, it is beneficial to irrigate trees about once a week from spring to autumn (April - May to October). As a third rule of thumb, the majority of mature pear trees need almost half of the annual water supply during summer months. On the other hand, over irrigation should be avoided, as it will surely result in root rot.
However, these are just rules of thumb that should not be followed without making your own research. Every field is different and has different needs. Although some general rules may apply, soil texture and climate conditions determine at a great percentage the amount of water needed in order to harvest a fair yield.
Backyard pear growers often built a circular soil wall 3-5 feet around the pear trunk and add a thin layer of mulch in it, so as to increase the water holding capacity of the soil. The mulch has to be renewed with fresh one every year.
During the last 30 years, part coverage, drip or micro irrigation systems were used in commercial orchards. However, nowadays in the United States, sprinklers are used at a great percentage on pear farms. Their main advantage is the protection of the tree buds from frost damage. These contemporary systems normally ensure full coverage irrigation. Full coverage irrigation combined with the presence of cover crops often reduces the need for fertilizing, because the cover crop normally produces organic matter that is decomposed, releasing important nutrients to the soil.
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Pear Tree Water Requirements
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