Orange tree planting and population
We shall first plow the chosen field to a depth of 15 inches (40 cm). The tillage aims at the destroy of perennial weeds and soil fluffing, which contributes to better development of the root system of trees. It is also beneficial to add 20 to 30 tons of manure per hectare (ask a licensed agronomist). Then, we must dig the holes in which we will transplant the young trees. The holes will be 17 inches (45cm) deep and their diameter will be 20 inches (50cm).
The planting distance depends mainly on soil fertility and the variety of the subject. The dense planting of young trees, while increasing production in the early years of establishment of citrus field, later on -because of trees crowding- leads to a significant reduction of production. And while the sparse planting results in small production during the first years, later on leads to satisfactory crops in the trees adulthood (10-15 years).
Taking into account all the above factors, the appropriate distance must be determined by the equation “tree height is equal to the planting distance divided by two plus one”. For the orange trees, an average of 20 X 20 feet (6 X 6 meters) distance is often used. Under this scheme, we will have about 109 trees per acre, or 270 trees per hectare. In some countries, a common planting pattern is 25 x 20 feet (7,5 X 6m), which results in 87 trees per acre, or 215 trees per hectare. In a dense planting system, the distances are 15 X 15 feet (4,5 X 4,5 meters), which results in 194 trees per acre, or 485 trees per hectare (1 hectare is 10.000m2).
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Planting Orange Trees
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