Orange Tree Climate and Soil Requirements

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Orange Tree Climate and Soil Requirements

The climate is the most important parameter for selecting the location of orange field. The climate determines the success of orange farm and the quality of citrus fruits, while soil and water determine the productivity of orange trees. Cold is the most important enemy of an orange tree. Temperatures below 32° F (0 ° C) are dangerous for the orange tree, especially when maintained for long periods. High temperatures may also prove critical to the productivity of trees. High-speed and cold winds can also cause damage to trees, vegetation reduction, loss of fruits and deterioration of their quality.

Orange trees prefer light to medium textured soils, with good drainage and free from stagnant water. Orange fruits do not grow well in the ground where there was before another citrus field. This is attributed to the ground’s accumulation, over time, of some toxic substances or the presence of particular pathogens Thielaviopsis basicola and Tylenchulus semipenetrans. A suitable location for installing orange field is a downhill position, resulting in a flat surface, where the cold currents can escape freely. Soil erosion in such a location is mostly avoided by installing areas of grass retained at a low level between the planting rows of trees. In soils with high inclination, it is better to create terraces. Satisfactory production is achieved In soils with pH 5 (mildly acidic) to pH 6,5, but the tree can tolerate pH 4,5 to 8. Orange fruit is a crop sensitive to the salts, so if the water contains a large amount of salts, this can limit the growth and productivity of the trees.

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Growing Orange Trees Commercially

Orange Tree Climate and Soil Requirements

Choosing Orange Varieties

Orange Tree Propagation and Pollination

Planting Orange Trees

Fertilizing Orange Trees

Irrigating Orange Trees

Pruning Orange Trees

Harvesting Orange Fruits

Orange Tree Pests and Diseases

 

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