Growing Orange Trees Commercially


How to grow citrus trees for profit

The success of a commercial citrus field depends on the climate conditions of the region, the selection of the appropriate location, the soil, the selection of appropriate subjects and varieties and the cultivation methods (irrigation, pruning, fertilization). In general, grafted orange trees start to produce orange fruits at their 3rd or 4th year of age and –if they stay healthy - they will continue to do so for half a century. However, their most productive period is between 10 and 40 years old. The average healthy and mature orange tree produces 200-350 oranges. However, experienced orange farmers after years of practice can harvest between 400 to 600 oranges per tree. It has been reported that some exceptional large orange trees in Israel and the Mediterranean region may bear 1000 to 1500 fruits per year, after optimizing fertilization and irrigation methods throughout the years. The average orange weighs 5 oz. (140 g). As it happens in many trees, orange tree has a small tendency towards alternate bearing. Alternate bearing is the tendency of some trees to produce much more fruit quantity than average in year 1 and much less than average in year 2. However, if orange trees receive proper care (irrigation, fertilization, light pruning etc.) the production will be normalized throughout the years of their prime. Contrary to vegetable (tomato etc.) growers, orange growers benefit from orange’s resistance to transport (due to their thick crust) and their ability to be stored for a long time under certain conditions. The latter gives orange growers more time to negotiate better prices for their products and to benefit from orange prices fluctuation throughout the year. 


Growing Orange Trees Commercially

Orange Tree Climate and Soil Requirements

Choosing Orange Varieties

Orange Tree Propagation and Pollination

Planting Orange Trees

Fertilizing Orange Trees

Irrigating Orange Trees

Pruning Orange Trees

Harvesting Orange Fruits

Orange Tree Pests and Diseases


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