Soil Requirements of Olive Trees
The success of an olive grove depends on the natural environment, the selection of suitable field and varieties and the application of appropriate cultivation technique.
Olive farms that are installed on flat sites and sites surrounded by hills are not only exposed to spring frosts, but also run the risk of serious frost damage during the winter. A slightly downward location, resulting in a flat surface, where the cold currents can escape easily, is a proper place to install the grove. Flat places where no frosts or cold winds are reported are also suitable. The average olive tree also needs plenty of sunlight in order to perform satisfactorily in terms of quantity and quality of production. It also hates excessive soil moisture. Consequently, the farmer must choose a well-drained field, where rain water cannot easily stagnate.
To avoid the risk of attack by various fungi on our olive grove, the soil must be kept fallow for three or four years, or planted with some grasses, once cleaned, especially if covered by trees and shrubs. In order to install an irrigated olive grove on uneven ground, the latter must first be leveled. The leveling is done before the deep plowing. The deep plowing of 20 inches (45-50 cm) aims mainly at destroying perennial weeds and soil fluffing, which contributes to better development of the root system of trees. Before plowing however, it is good to make a basic soil analysis, and depending on its results, specify the type and quantity of basic chemical fertilizers needed to improve soil. In many cases it is recommended to add 20 to 30 tons of manure per hectare.
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7. Olive Tree Soil Requirements
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