Apple Tree Soil Conditions and Preparation

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Apple Tree Soil Requirements and Preparation

The apple tree can thrive in an average soil with pH close to 7, provided that is well drained and free from stagnated water. However, maximum yields are reported on fertile sandy soils and loams with pH ranging from 6 to 7.

We carefully plow the field in depth of at least 20 inches (50cm) and we remove all the weeds. We can add about 20 tons manure per hectare and then plow again superficially. Many commercial apple farmers also add lime to the soil before planting apple trees, in order to fix pH (ask a licensed agronomist).

When cultivating apple trees commercially, cover crops (which are in most cases low standing grasses) have been reported to be beneficial, if not necessary in some cases. Cover crops tend to reduce soil erosion during heavy rains or wind storms. They also improve soil aeration and orchard stability, while some of them fix nitrogen. Finally, they work as a filter for apple trees’ irrigation and they adjust orchard temperature. Alfalfa, vetch, legumes and Trifolium fragiferum (strawberry clover) have been found to be beneficial when they are planted as cover crops in apple farms.

Read more on Cover crops for Orchards.

You can enrich this article by leaving a comment or photo of your apple orchard soil characteristics. 

1. Apple Tree Facts

2. Growing Apple Trees from Seed

3. Growing Apple Trees in Pots

4. Starting an Apple Orchard

5. Apple Tree Climate Conditions

6. Apple Tree Propagation and Pollination

7. Apple Tree Soil Condition and Preparation

8. Planting Apple Trees

9. Apple Tree Irrigation

10. Apple Tree Fertilizer Requirements

11. Apple Tree Pruning

12. Apple Tree Harvest

13. Apple Tree Pests and Diseases

14. Q&As Apple Tree

Do you have experience in cultivating apple trees? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below.

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