Apple tree facts
Apple tree (Malus domestica)
Apple trees are believed to be cultivated since the 3rd century BC, especially in Asia. Today, apple is maybe the most popular fruit for adults and children.
Its wide spread is caused partly because apple tree is very flexible and resilient. It can give fruits even in temperatures below -22 °F (-30° C). Nowadays, apple trees are cultivated in diverse climate conditions, ranging from the cold of Canada to the tropical climate of Africa. Consequently, the apple trees do not always need optimum conditions in order to thrive. The trees are popular for adapting to their local conditions and yield some fruits despite difficulties, provided the selection of variety is done rationally. About half of world apple production takes place in China, but apple trees are also cultivated in Australia, North and South America, North Africa and Japan.
Apple tree is a member of Rosaceae family. It is a deciduous tree that can reach an average height of 16 feet (5 meters). Standard apple trees can reach a height of 25-35 feet (7,5 – 10 m) or even more. Semi dwarf and dwarf trees reach a height of 6-20 feet (2-6m). The blossoms are produced in spring. They are produced on spurs and some long shoots. The 1.2 to 1.6 inches (3 to 4 cm) flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually fades, five petaled, with an inflorescence consisting of a cyme with 4–6 flowers. The central flower of the inflorescence is called the "king bloom". It opens first, and can develop a larger fruit.
The fruits mature on shoots that are 2 or more years old. They mature in late summer or autumn depending on the variety. There are more than 7000 known cultivars. The average apple tree is able to produce notable quantity of fruits from the 3rd to 6th year of its age and can continue to do so until the 35th-50th year of its age.
Nearly all apple trees are not self-pollinating. This means that if there isn’t any other apple tree close (80 feet or 25 m) to your backyard, you have to plant at least 2 trees of different varieties in order to harvest fruits.
1. Apple Tree Facts
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