Cotton Harvest and Yield

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Cotton Harvest and Yield

5,5 to 6,5 months after sowing, cotton is normally ready to be harvested. As it happens in any other crop, knowing exactly which day to harvest requires years of experience. We harvest during autumn (September – October in most areas of US) with cotton harvesting machines. These machines are typically very big tractors that strip the fibers from the plants and collect the bolls. On average, we collect from 6500 to 13000 lbs. (3 to 6 tons) of cotton per hectare.

What we harvest from the field is called unginned cotton and it does not represent a traded product. We have to give cotton to a cotton ginner, which is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds and other objects. It is estimated that 1 lb of unginned cotton contains 32-33% cotton fibers, 52-54% cotton seeds and around 15% foreign objects (stones, leaves, dirt etc.). However, there can be significant deviations from these figures.

Immediately after the harvest, it is good to destroy the remaining of cotton plants with a shredder and then make a very good plowing of our field.

You can enrich this article by leaving a comment or photo of your cotton harvesting methods and yields.

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