Bermuda Grass - Devil Grass


Bermuda Grass – Devil Grass

Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon)

Bermuda is a famous turf grass known for its durability, resiliency and aggressive growth. Bermuda scientifically is a weed, a very strong weed, and as a result it can hardly allow other weeds to appear in areas where it has established. It is the best choice for low budget golf and football fields, where we cannot afford more expensive and sensitive turfs. If the circumstances are suitable, bermuda will most probably cover our field quickly and it will be replaced in less than a week in the places where it is damaged. Bermuda has excellent behavior in pressure and discomforts. It also reacts quickly to nitrogen fertilization. During the winter months, its colour becomes yellow. It is suitable for all soil types for coastal and relatively shady lands. It can be used in a mixture with 10-15% Festuca to quickly close the mat, but on which it prevails after the second year.

Bermuda grows from seeds and stems.

If the seed is in pellet form (most common), we need about 440 lbs. (200 kg) of seeds per hectare.

The seeding of bent grass takes place from spring to autumn and we must be sure that the last frost took place at least 20 days ago, since otherwise the seed is in danger to fall into lethargy. For 40 square meters field, we need 2,2 lbs. (1 kg) of seed. It is good to mix the seed with a pound of river sand, as this will help the seed to fall more evenly and will ensure that the seeds will stay on the ground and not removed from the air, ants etc. We can mix the seed with river sand in a bucket by hand rather than a machine. Then simply let the seed evenly throughout and very close to the ground. We should not dig and stir.

After we sow the seeds carefully, we put a very thin layer of soil above, so that the seed mix with sand is not visible. Then, we get a barrel and we press and flatten the acreage we sowed. We irrigate in the morning and evening for the next 14 days. Make sure that no one steps into the place we sowed for the next two weeks. Finally, if necessary, we take extra care against ants. Once Bermuda is established and gets strong, we need to mow very often, as in that way we help the stems to develop horizontally and fill the gaps rather than develop vertically and gets too tall.

Do you have experience in planting Bermuda grass? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below.

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