Thyme Climate and Soil Requirements
Thyme Climate Requirements
Thyme is a frost resistant perennial plant that can withstand even the cold climate of Siberia in some cases. It is cultivated in many countries with a great range of climate conditions (Russia, Poland, Switzerland, Morocco, Spain, Iran, Egypt, South Africa). However, the best yields are often achieved in Mediterranean countries with mild climate, full sun and a long growing season (Spain, France, Morocco). The plant needs full sun exposure and prefers warm and moderately dry climates, mild winters and sunny summers. It will thrive where average temperatures of 68-86°F (20-30°C) during spring-early summer are common. Soil temperatures above 65°F (18°C) favor growth and regeneration after harvest.
Thyme Soil Requirements and Preparation
Thyme plants can grow in all well-drained soils. They can withstand pH from 5 to 8. The best yields are often achieved in calcareous light soils with pH close to 7 and with very good drainage. Drainage is very important, as the plant often suffers from root rots.
The first step towards effective soil preparation is the soil analysis and pH. The soil pH should be corrected to desired levels (6,8-7,5). Moreover, the soil analysis will reveal any nutrient deficiencies, so that the farmer can take corrective actions under the guidance of a licensed agronomist. In many cases, it is beneficial to add 8-10 tons of well-rotted manure per hectare and plow well before the planting of young thyme seedlings. In cases of severe nutrient deficiencies, farmers often apply soil fertilizer N-P-K 20-20-20 (400 lbs. or 180 kg per hectare) at the same time or a couple of weeks after planting and irrigate well the young seedlings.
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Thyme Growing Conditions
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