Thyme Essential Oil Yield per Acre and Hectare
The average fresh material yield of Thyme is 6 tons (6000 kg = 13228 lbs.) per hectare, or 5355 lbs. per acre. If we are interested only in plant material (and not in essential oil), and we manage to perform 2 harvesting sessions, the average total yield will be normally increased by 30-60%.
The average dry material yield of Thyme is 2 tons (2000 kg= 4409 lbs.) per hectare, or 1785 lbs. per acre.
The average essential oil yield of Thyme ranges from 1 to 3 % of dry yield. Thus, you can expect 44 to 132 lbs. (20 to 60 kg) of essential oil per hectare, or 35 lbs. (16 kg) per acre.
(Keep in mind that 1 hectare = 2,47 acres = 10.000 m2 and 1 ton = 1000 kg = 2205 lbs.)
However, there are some very promising Thyme cultivars that -in optimum conditions and after years of experimenting - can yield 220 lbs. (100 kg) of essential oil per hectare, or even more.
Keep in mind that these average yields are annual and these figures refer to healthy and mature common thyme plants (Thymus vulgaris older than 1 year old) that are managed by professional growers. Keep also in mind that there can be significant deviations from these figures, as the yield greatly depends on many parameters (variety, climate, soil condition, fertilization, irrigation, weed and pest control, harvesting, distillation methods etc.). Especially the thyme cultivar and the harvest time can significantly affect the essential oil yield. Keep also in mind that you can get a good (well above average) yield in one year and a below average yield in the following year, with all the parameters of the cultivation remaining the same.
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Thyme Essential Oil Yield
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