Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, officinalis, vera, spica) is a member of the family of Lamiacae. Lavender plant is a perennial beautiful aromatic shrub that produces purple flowers, which contain high levels of essential oil (especially the flowers of Lavandula angustifolia and officinalis). The essential oil of lavender has several medicinal uses. It is of very low toxicity while showing remarkable antiseptic and antimicrobial action. Flowers of lavender are very rich in nectar and attract bees and other pollinators. After being cut and dried, lavender flowers are used in the aromatic fragrance industry.
Generally, lavender is resistant to draught and prefers full sun and soil with good drainage. It is more possible to lose your lavender plants due to excessive soil moisture than due to a heavy frost. Lavender also prefers alkaline and sandy (rather than clay) soil and can thrive in poor and non-fertile soils. If your soil is too fertile and with high levels of nitrogen, the lavender plants will most probably produce thriving stems and leaves, but no flowers. Lavender can also thrive in high altitudes and inclined fields.
As it happens in most herbs cultivation, amateur gardeners can start lavender from cuttings. It is far easier technique than starting from seeds and it produces results in a shorter period. However, if done on a larger scale, it can be very expensive. Consequently, professional large scale farmers usually grow lavender from seed.
1. Lavender Plant
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