How to grow Chamomile
Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla, Matricaria recutita)
Chamomile is an annual herb with beautiful yellow flowers that is used mainly for beverage production. It has also relaxing properties and it is even used in cosmetics and for medicinal purposes (indigestion, toothache, burns).
Professional Cultivation of chamomile
We can start sowing either indoors or outdoors.
Sow indoors. In early spring or autumn, we fill a seedbed with wet soil mix. We plant 2-3 seeds in each position of the seed bed, covered with a very thin soil mix. We cover our seedbed with a clean plastic bag and place it in a bright spot (not near a window). We check every day the seeds and if the soil is dry, we water with a spray bottle. The soil should be kept moist because otherwise the seeds will not germinate. Remove the plastic bag and transfer the seedbed near to sun with window, only after the seeds have started to germinate. We keep at each position only one plant and only after the plants reach a height of 0,4 to 0,7 inches(1-2 cm), we prepare the soil in which to transplant them. We loosen the soil and smooth the surface. We transplant the plants leaving a distance of 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 cm) between each plant. We press slightly the soil around plant roots. We water carefully every other day, keeping the soil moist until they grow well.
Sowing directly in the field. We must loosen the soil and clean from any stones that may exist. We water the planting area slightly and then we sow the seeds. We need 100 to 140 oz. (3-4 kg) of seeds per hectare. We may mix the seeds with river sand, so that the seeds will stay in the surface of the field and not be removed from insects, wind etc. We cover slightly with soil and water gently. The seeds should germinate within 2-3 weeks. We may dilute the plants when they reach a height of 2 inches (5 cm), leaving a distance of 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) between them.
We water regularly until they settle well and grow.
Chamomile plants do not need regular watering unless there is a prolonged drought.
We harvest the flowers of chamomile when they are in full bloom, around in the middle of spring.
Do you have experience in cultivating chamomile? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below.
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