Growing Alfalfa


How to grow Alfalfa

General - Lifecycle

In a few words, alfalfa can be sown during autumn or spring. Suppose we sow the seeds during the spring of year 1. If all things go right, about 60-65 days later, we can normally harvest our first cut. 35-45 days later, we can harvest the second cut, and generally every 35-45 days we can harvest alfalfa cuts up until the end of October – November of year 1. At this point, the plant will prepare itself for the winter. It normally shrinks and stops developing until the next spring (year 2). If we take care of the plants, during the period spring-late autumn of year 2 we can also harvest alfalfa cuts every 35-45 days. The same applies to years 3 and 4. Most farmers stop cultivating alfalfa after the 4th year, because the yield has decreased significantly (it may drop 15% every year). However, there are reported cases in which alfalfa plants continue to give remarkable production yields after 6-7 years or even more. The average total yield is 25-35 tons per hectare per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). Top yields (intensive farming) can exceed 35 tons per hectare per year.

1. Growing Alfalfa General

2. Alfalfa Soil Requirements - Variety Selection - Weed Management

3. Sowing and Seeding Rate of Alfalfa

4. Alfalfa Fertilization

5. Alfalfa Irrigation

6. Harvest of Alfalfa

7. Alfalfa Crop Rotation

Do you have experience in cultivating alfalfa? Please share your experience, methods and practices in the comments below.

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